Sunday, June 29, 2008

Muhammad: A prophet or an Assassin? (II)

4. The strict terms and condition in war

Abu Bakr had advised Yazid: "I advise you ten things: Do not kill women or children or an aged, infirm person. Do not cut down fruit-bearing trees. Do not destroy an inhabited place. Do not slaughter sheep or camel except for food. Do not burn bees and do not scatter them. Do not steal from the booty, and do not be cowardly." (Mutta Malik, Book 21, Section 3, Number 10)

Safi-ur-Rahman Al-Mabarakfuri sums it up in "Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtoum",
The Messenger of Allâh [pbuh] had issued honourable strict rules about war and instructed his soldiers and leaders to comply with them. They were forbidden to break those rules under any circumstances.
In Sulaiman bin Buraidah’s version, he said that his father had told him that whenever the Messenger of Allâh [pbuh] appointed a leader on an army or on a battalion, he used to command him to fear Allâh, the Great and All-Mighty, when dealing with those who were closest to him and to be good with all Muslims. Then the Prophet [pbuh] would say to him:
"Let your invasion be in the Name of Allâh and for His sake. Fight those who disbelieve in Allâh. Invade but do not exaggerate nor commit treachery. Never deform the corpse of a dead person or kill an infant child."

The Messenger of Allâh [pbuh] asked people to facilitate but he forbade them to bear down hard on others or constrain. "Pacify", he said, "and do not disincline".
[Sahih Muslim 2/82,83]
When it happened that he arrived at the battlefield by night, he would never invade the enemy till it was morning. He utterly forbade burning (i.e. torturing people) in fire, killing children and women or even beating them. He also forbade theft and robbery and proceeded so far as to say gains acquired through plundering are not less forbidden than the flesh of a corpse. Corruption of tillage and race and cutting down of trees were all forbidden unless they were badly needed and there was no other substitute:
"Do not kill a wounded person nor run after a fleeing one or kill a captive."

He decreed that envoys cannot be killed. He also stressed on to not killing those who made covenants. He even said:
"He whoever kills one who is under pledge to a covenant shall not smell Paradise, though its smell could be experienced at a forty-year distance from it."
There were some other noble rules which purified wars from their Al-Jahiliyah (pre-Islamic) filthiness and turned them into sacred wars. [Za'd Al-Ma'ad 2/64-68; and for details Jihad in Islam p.216-262]

>>Can anybody show me any other war policies like this?

5. Some issues

a) Sometimes force has to be used to maintain peace.
Each and every human being in this world is not in favour of maintaining peace and harmony. There are many, who would disrupt it for their own vested interests. Sometimes force has to be used to maintain peace. It is precisely for this reason that we have the police who use force against criminals and anti-social elements to maintain peace in the country. Islam promotes peace. At the same time, Islam exhorts it followers to fight where there is oppression. The fight against oppression may, at times, require the use of force. In Islam force can only be used to promote peace and justice.

b) Implementation of law is not a criminal
We never call police as assassin. Even the executer, we don’t call them assassin. They merely perform their job, as to maintain peace and harmony, and in fact, they only kill those who are permissible (by the law) to be killed. Is it this simple?

No. In law, it is not easy to accuse and execute people. They must be supported by clear evidence and witnesses to proof that they are guilty. They must be supported by strong reasons.
If we can accept the rules of law, why couldn’t we accept that Muhammad was merely executed as what accordance with the law
at that time, as to maintain peace and harmony?

c) During the opening of Makkah (the conquest of Makkah)
During the conquest of Makkah, Prophet Muhammad had instructed his Commanders to not cause any harm when they entered Makkah, except to fight those who resisted them. Well, it supposed to be a good opportunity to kill majority of the non-believers in Makkah!

d) Some argument about the law and the leader?
Muhammad was the leader of the Muslims at that time. He had power over Medina and few other places under his authority. In Medina itself, there were non-muslims and non-believers. However, Prophet Muhammad wasn’t kill each all of them until there were non-muslims and non-believers left. Instead, he gave sanctuary to the non-muslims under the Islamic laws.

Ok ow… I couldn’t find any authentic information that support the allegation towards Prophet Muhammad… Sorry =)

Muhammad: A prophet or an Assassin? (I)

Definition of assassin; Assassin can be translated as a murderer who is contracted or politically motivated (could also be for money, revenge, etc).

Accusing someone an assassin is a serious charge. In order to proof that, we need to have the correct information, supported by genuine evidence. Here, I present some information gained from the authentic sources in order to proof this accusation

1. The attitude of Prophet Muhammad

a) His attitude towards his enemy
Narrated 'Abdullah: As if I am looking at the Prophet while he was speaking about one of the prophets whose people have beaten and wounded him, and he was wiping the blood off his face and saying, "O Lord! Forgive my people as they do not know."
BUkhari Volume 9, Book 84, Number 63

b) His attitude in general & his lesson on morality
Masruq reported: We went to Abdullah b. 'Amr when Mu'dwiya came to Kufa, and he made a mention of Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: He was never immoderate in his talk and he never reviled others. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) also said: The best amongst you are those who are best in morals.
(Muslim;Book 030, Number 5740)

2. Prophetic attitude towards women

Narrated Anas bin Malik: A Jewish woman brought a poisoned (cooked) sheep for the Prophet who ate from it. She was brought to the Prophet and he was asked, "Shall we kill her?" He said, "No." I continued to see the effect of the poison on the palate of the mouth of God’s Apostle. (Sahih al-Bukhârî, Volume 3, Book 47, Number 786)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) refused to kill a woman who did intentionally try to poison him, but some people, using a fabricated story, wants us to believe that he ordered the killing of a woman who only abused him verbally.

Allah 's Apostle said, "Treat women nicely, for a women is created from a rib, and the most curved portion of the rib is its upper portion, so, if you should try to straighten it, it will break, but if you leave it as it is, it will remain crooked. So treat women nicely."(Bukhari; Volume 4, Book 55, Number 548)
Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Messenger of God (peace be upon him) saw the corpse of a woman who had been slain in one of the raids, and he disapproved of it and forbade the killing of women and children. (Sahih-ul-Bukhârî, Volume 4, Book 52, Numbers 257 & 258. Also see Mutta Malik, Book 21, Section 3, Number 9)

Even after the Prophet's demise, his Sunnah was preserved by the Muslims ...

3. The teaching of Muhammad

From History (adopted from the authentic sources), Muhammad has taught all mankind to have total submission to Allah, respect the elders and love the younger’s. He taught about equal rights and respect for women, and to treat women nicely.

He taught that the rich and poor are alike in the sight of God and that their good deeds will help them meet God in heaven.
Sûrah al Hujurât 49. 13"O Mankind, We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other. Verily the most honored of you in the sight of God is he who is the most righteous of you"

He taught people to live honestly and that working hard to earn a living is also considered worship of God.

Weren't those teaching of Muhammad indicating violence?....

Tuesday, June 10, 2008

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